The factories written as accessories and lenses are the manufacturers only for those specific products, some others also manufacture their own accessories; the factories beginning with MOS is located in Moscow and while the ones with LEN is located in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg).

Translation key to the Cyrillic transliteration
Nauchno-Issledovatelskiy Kinofotoinstitut stands for Scientific Cinema-Photo Research Institute

Konstruktorskoe Byuro Kinoapparatury Design Engineering Bureau of Film Equipment
Optiko-Mechanicheskiy Zavod/Obyedineniye Optical Mechanical Works/Amalgamation Zavod Works
P/O (Proizvodstvennoe Obyedinenie) Production Amalgamation
NPO (Nauchno Proizvodstvennoe Obyedinenie) Scientific Production Amalgamation Kinap (Kino
apparaturiy) Cine equipment
im. (imeni) named after
Priborostroitelniy Instrument making

Khimiko-Fotograficheskoy Promyshlennosti Chemical-Photographic Industry Svetochuvstvitelnye
Materialy Light sensitized Materials
Gosudartsvenniy State-run Opytno/Experimentalnyi Research/Experimental
Kinoproizvodstvennaya masterskaya Film Production Workshop Opticheskogo Stekla Optical Glasses
V/O (Vneshneekonomicheskoe Obyedinenie) Foreign Trade Association located at the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs, Moscow

MEO (Mezhdurodnaya Ekonomicheskaya Organizatsiya) International Economic Organization

PROFESSIONAL USE

For all types of cinematographic systems incl. sound systems:
* NIKFI [NAUCHNO-ISSLEDOVATELSKIY KINOFOTOINSTITUT] (Moscow),
* TsKBK [Tsentralinoe Konstruktorskoe Byuro Kinoapparatury] located at NPO “EKRAN” (St. Petersburg)

16/35/70mm (not 65mm!) cameras & film production accessories:
* LENKINAP,
* KMZ [Krasnogorskiy Meckanicheskiy Zavod im. Zverev] ZENIT (Russia),
* MOSKOVSKIY ZAVOD KINOAPPARATURY or Zavod “MOSKINAP” of P/O “KADR”,
* MKBK [Moskovskoe Konstruktorskoe Byuro Kinoapparatury] located at MOSKINAP,
Film Studios Design Depts. like MOSFILM, LENFILM, Kinostudiya im. Dovhdjenko (Kiev)

16mm cameras only:
* Kievskiy Gosudartsvenniy Zavod AVTOMATIKI im. Petrovskogo

Lenses:
* LOMO [Leningradskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye],
* NPO “EKRAN” (St. Petersburg) now OPTIKA,
* KMZ [Krasnogorskiy Meckanicheskiy Zavod im. Zverev] ZENIT (Russia),
* Lytkarinskiy Zavod Opticheskogo Stekla (Lytkarino, Russia)

Exposure meters:
* Priborostroitelniy Zavod “VIBRATOR” (St. Petersburg),
* UOMZ [P/O Uralskiy Optiko-Mechanicheskiy Zavod] im. Yalamova (Ekaterinburg)

Sound equipment mainly for recording:
* LOMO [Leningradskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye]

Microphones:
* TsKBK [Tsentralinoe Konstruktorskoe Byuro Kinoapparatury] located at NPO “EKRAN” (St. Petersburg)

Only for post-production:
* LOMO [Leningradskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye],
* MEZ No. 1 [Moskovskiy Elektromekhanicheskiy Zavod]

Animation equipment:
* Odesskiy Zavod “Kinap” of P/O “KINAP” (Ukraine)

All kinds of film lab equipment incl. processors, contact printers and SFX optical printers:
* NPO “EKRAN” (St. Petersburg)

Some film lab and SFX equipment incl. accessories:
* MOSKOVSKIY ZAVOD KINOAPPARATURY or Zavod “MOSKINAP” of P/O “KADR”,
Film Studios Design Depts.,
Film Laboratories (Kinokopirovalnaya Fabrika) Design Depts.

Editing equipment:
* NPO “EKRAN” (St. Petersburg),
* MMZ [Minskiy Mekhanicheskiy Zavod] of BelOMO [Belorusskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye] (Minsk, Belarus)

All kinds of films and magnetic products:
* GOS NII KHIMFOTOPROEKT [GOSUDARSTVENNOGO NAUCHNO-ISSLEDOVATELSKOGO I PROEKTNOGO INSTITUTA
KHIMIKO-FOTOGRAFICHESKOY PROMYSHLENNOSTI] (Moscow),
* NPO “SVEMA” [Svetochuvstvitelnye Materialy] (Shostka, Ukraine),
* P/O “TASMA” [Tatarskie Svetochuvstvitelnye Materialy] (Kazan, Russia)
* P/O “SLAVITCH” (Pereslav-Zaleskiy, Russia) later concentrated in magnetic products

35/35-70mm projectors:
* Zavod Kinoproektory of LOMO [Leningradskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye]

35mm projectors:
* MMZ [Minskiy Mekhanicheskiy Zavod] of BelOMO [Belorusskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye] (Minsk, Belarus),
* Gosudartsvenniy Kinomekhanicheskiy Zavod (St. Petersburg)

16/35/70mm projectors:
* Odesskiy Zavod “Kinap” of P/O “KINAP” (Ukraine),
* OKBK [Odesskoe Konstruktorskoe Byuro Kinoapparatury]

16mm projectors and 35mm accessories:
* Kievskiy Zavod “Kinap” of NPO “EKRAN” later renamed as MLINMASH

Lenses:
* LOMO [Leningradskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye],
* Izyumskiy Priborostroitelniy Zavod (Ukraine)

Accessories:
* Odesskiy Zavod “Kinap” of P/O “KINAP” (Ukraine),
* Tallinnskiy Experimentalnyi Kinomechanicheskiy Zavod (Estonia),
* Zavod “Kinodetal” (Minsk, Belarus),
* Rostovskie Opytno-Experimentalnyi Kinoavtomatichesko Zavod (Russia)

Sound equipment (amplifiers, processors and speakers for movie theatres):
* Samarkandskiy Zavod “Kinap” (Uzbekistan)

Some other Cine Mechanical Factories (Kinomechanicheskiy Zavod) in Ulan-Ude, Volgograd, Tver, Astrakhan, Yaroslavl, Novgorod (Experimentalnyi), Sverdlov (No. 2), Leningrad (St. Petersburg, Gosudartsvenniy) and Kamen-na-obi (Altai), as well as Ekaterinburg (EKRAN) and Moscow (Kinoproizvodstvennaya masterskaya).

CONSUMER USE (for 16mm equipment, and films see above)

8mm cameras and projectors:
* Kazanskiy Optiko-Meckanicheskiy Zavod

8mm/Super 8 cameras, projectors, lenses and splicers:
* LOMO [Leningradskoe Optiko-Mechanicheskoe Obyedineniye]

8mm/Super 8 cameras:
* KMZ [Krasnogorskiy Meckanicheskiy Zavod im. Zverev] ZENIT (Russia)

8mm/Super 8 projectors:
* Azovskiy Optiko-Mekhanicheskiy Zavod

Lenses:
* Lytkarinskiy Zavod Opticheskogo Stekla (Lytkarino, Russia)

The manufacturers for bulbs, batteries and other numerous products are not mentioned here. Many of them are closed or changed their product line now due to high quality products imported from abroad (As a matter of fact, big enterprises in the USSR were using imported professional products or both.).

The Foreign Trade Firms V/O “STANKOIMPORT”, V/O “MASHPRIBORINTORG” and V/O “TECHNOINTORG” (TENTO)  Fotokino Firm in Moscow were the exporters and importers of the cinematographic machinery.

The Soviet and German joint-venture MEO “ASSOFOTO” in Moscow (headquarters) was the exporter of films and magnetic products since 1973.

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