These are high-end cameras for Super 8 film, with technical possibilities of professional cameras like automatic exposure setting, high speed 1.8/6.5-65mm VARIOGOIR-2Б (2B) lens with a 10x zoom, parallax-free viewfinder, and motor drive. The CdS light sensor of the exposure meter measures average brightness of the object according to the TTL system. The film speed can be set from 16 to 350 GOST (similar to ASA), each in half steps. 15m. Super 8 film cartridge is used.
Lens stop can also be controlled manually. Micro prism or scale focusing is from infinity to 2 m. Lens filters with the M67X0.75 thread can be used. The lens focal length can be smoothly changed by an electric motor (auto zoom) from 6.5 to 65mm at a variable speed for 1.5-15sec. The parallax-free viewfinder with automatically or manually set iris indicated in the field of view; in case of high speed, underexposure, overexposure, no film cartridge, improper power supply warning signals are indicated.
The viewfinder has diopter adjustment within ±5 diopters and a soft eye rubber. Shooting speeds are 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 54, 72[*]fps and single frame. The camera has a variable shutter. The electric motor and exposure meter are fed from ten A316 Kvant (AA) batteries. Remote operation control via a cable is also possible. When color films balanced to daylight are used, a Type A correction filter is introduced with the help of a special lever.
The LOMO-200 and LOMO-220 models differ. LOMO-200 has a special arrangement for time-lapse photography at speeds up to single frame. LOMO-220 has dissolve ability.
[*] Mr. Aidas Pikiotas informs: Only the very first LOMO-200 and LOMO-220 cameras (released in 1975) were equipped with max. 72fps. One of these samples is presented at LOMO History Museum. Afterwards both cameras were simplified with max. 54fps.
These two cameras were conceived by famous LOMO chief designer Anatoliy Avdonin (b. 1927) and chief researcher Evgeniy Andreev (b. 1938).
TECHNICAL DATA of LOMO-220 (later H-2 variant)
Film used – 1X8mm Type C (stands for Super 8).
Frame dimensions – 4,22X5,69mm.
Film charging system of the camera – cartridge.
Usable capacity tape – 15m (50ft).
Lens – VARIOGOIR-2Б with variable focal length.
The lens focal length range changes – from 6.5 to 65mm.
Lens aperture – 1:1.8.
Lens field of view angle – from 57 to 6°.
Minimum focusing distance – 1m.
Zooming – by electric motor or manually.
Zooming speed – by motor control.
The thread of the lens mount – M72X0.75.
Viewfinder – TTL
The Viewfinder has provisions for the aperture range with warning signals for under and over exposure; micro-prism for adjustments of proper lens focusing; LEDs for monitoring the power supply voltage and film-end warning.
The diopter setting limits of the viewfinder eyepiece – ±5 diopters.
Lens Iris Control – automatically and manually.
The measurement system of the amount of light – TTL.
The limits of the lens aperture stop – from 1.8 to 32.
The range of sensitivity films used – from 16 to 350 GOST units (exact equivalent to 14 to 27 DIN).
Automatic corrections to the aperture value is available in the system.
Drive unit – by motor.
Power supply – 10X AA batteries (15VDC).
Frame rate – 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 54fps and single-frame.
Slow-motion button for instant 54fps from any other speed, the provision for automatic time-lapse filming at intervals between 0.5 and 120 frames, and a film transport indicator.
Shutter – with a variable opening angle; fixed positions @ 150, 75 and 37,5°.
Automatic dissolve mechanism for 80 frames. Equipped with footage and frame counters. Built-in Type A color correction filter. External power supply box, remote control switch, zooming device and electronic flash can be connected to the camera.
Overall dimensions of the camera – 275X105X235mm.
Note: Electrical system of the movie camera consumes current and when the camera mechanism is not used for a long time, it is recommended to cut off the electricity going to the camera (or disconnect the power supply box) in the pauses between filming to extend the power supply service life. After each shooting day, the power supply must be removed from the camera in order to prevent possible fluid leakage.
LOMO-200 vs. 220 – difference between the control panels (prototypes)
Please note that made in USSR is not seen on the 220 model cameras except the prototype.
Light filter UV 1X boxed
Filter Yellow 1.4X boxed
Filter Close-Up 1.4X boxed
Filter Close-Up 2.8X boxed
Filter ND 4X boxed
Retail price of LOMO-220 was 2000 Roubles in 1980!
Most of the information and images are courtesy of my friend Aidas Pikiotas, Vilnius.